Improvement of Anode of Prebaked Cell in Aluminum Electrolysis

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Junmin Li

Abstract


Compared with the previous self-cultivation anode electrolyzer, the current prebaked anode electrolyzer has advanced technical and economic indexes, high degree of mechanization and automation, and relatively little environmental pollution, which has achieved great development. However, the continuity of aluminum electrolysis production and the limited economic height of anode constitute two contradictory opposites. In order to solve this contradiction, the processes of replacing anode periodically, cleaning the residual electrode and electrolyte, pressing off the residual electrode and phosphorus-iron ring, crushing and grinding the residual electrode have been produced, which has increased the investment and labor cost per ton of aluminum. Moreover, when the anode is replaced, the operator can say that the working environment is harsh and dangerous directly in front of the high-temperature electrolyte, and a large amount of fluorine-containing flue gas is discharged out of order and pollutes the environment due to the opening of the slot cover plate and the placement of the high-temperature residual electrode during the anode replacement. At the same time, pole change has great interference on electrolytic production. At present, inert anodes can't be put into industrial production, and the continuous preparation anodes in Germany have high power consumption, so it is of great practical significance to perfect or improve the existing anode structure. This paper discusses how to solve this problem.

Keywords


Aluminum electrolysis; Prebaked cell anode

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.26789/AMS.2021.01.001
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